Middle Warren Pill Box Interpretation
We worked with Tees Archeology in the creation of this marker and the construction of the concrete was done locally to a detailed specification. There is also landscaping around the site (more pics later when this is finished).
The panels use zinc etched tactile pane for the map on the top surface with GRP story panels around the sides.
The GRP interpretation panels tell the story of the pillbox construction and purpose in the defence of our coastline in World War I.
The Origins of the Pillbox
In the late 19th century there were significant developments in the manufacture and use of concrete. The military were quick to utilise this versatile material for defensive structures. The development of reinforced concrete made the material even more useful as this improved its resistance to shelling. The Russians are said to have developed the first concrete defences in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05. The term ‘pillbox’ is first recorded in English in World War I and is a direct reference to the squat circular shape of the early examples. A number were built on the south-east coast in World War I and over 400 were built by the British Expeditionary Force in Flanders at the start of World War II.
You can read more by donwloading the booklet here.