based in hexham, northumberland, differentia designs interpretation for outdoor spaces including interpretation panels, interpretive structures, seats and signs.

Middle Warren Pill Box Interpretation

We worked with Tees Archeology in the creation of this marker and the construction of the concrete was done locally to a detailed specification. There is also landscaping around the site (more pics later when this is finished).

Delivering the concrete into position.

The panels use zinc etched tactile pane for the map on the top surface with GRP story panels around the sides.

Detail of the zinc etched and polished concrete finish.

The GRP interpretation panels tell the story of the pillbox construction and purpose in the defence of our coastline in World War I.

GRP interpretation panels around the side of the concrete marker.

The Origins of the Pillbox

In the late 19th century there were significant developments in the manufacture and use of concrete. The military were quick to utilise this versatile material for defensive structures. The development of reinforced concrete made the material even more useful as this improved its resistance to shelling. The Russians are said to have developed the first concrete defences in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05. The term ‘pillbox’ is first recorded in English in World War I and is a direct reference to the squat circular shape of the early examples. A number were built on the south-east coast in World War I and over 400 were built by the British Expeditionary Force in Flanders at the start of World War II.

You can read more by donwloading the booklet here.

Arran Coastal Way Interpretation

Arran Coastal Way Interpretation

Holy Trinity Church Zinc Etched Interpretation Panel

Holy Trinity Church Zinc Etched Interpretation Panel